10-12 per cent of infertile women in Mumbai face early ovarian failure

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Advanced ART techniques help achieve pregnancy despite early ovarian failure

Premature ovarian failure (POF), also referred to as premature ovarian insufficiency, is a condition where there is a physiological, age-related decrease in the number of eggs in the ovaries, which could impact the chances of pregnancy at a younger age (less than 40 years). Normally, follicles in the ovaries supply women with eggs until around the age of 40 to 45 – the average perimenopausal age when the supply of eggs is used up. In POF cases, women as young as 30 years old are seen with no eggs in the ovaries.

A study conducted by The Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC) showed nearly 1-2 per cent of Indian women experienced signs of menopause between 29 and 34 years of age. Additionally, this figure went up to 8 per cent in the case of women between 35 and 39 years of age.

Dr Sulbha Arora, Fertility Consultant, Nova IVI Fertility, Mumbai said, “When the ovaries fail, they don’t produce normal amounts of oestrogen hormone or release eggs regularly. Lesser number of eggs in the ovaries reduces women’s fertility potential and makes it difficult for them to conceive. Well-known and well-documented risk factors exist, and the presence or suspicion of autoimmune disorder should be regarded as an important one.”